1986 - The first known case of HIV was diagnosed in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
1987 - About 135 more individuals tested positive for HIV. Setting up HIV screening centres was the first step taken by the government to screen its citizens and the blood bank. To control the spread of the virus, the Indian government sets up the National AIDS Control Programme to co-ordinate national responses such as blood screening and health education. Blood Transfusion Services gained importance as HIV is transmitted through blood.
1989 - Ministry of Health & Family Welfare launched Modernization of Blood Banks Scheme. Subsequently, this scheme was merged with NACP-I in 1992.
1992 - The government sets up the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) to develop policies and oversee prevention and control programmes relating to HIV and AIDS. The State AIDS Control Societies (SACS) was set up in 25 societies and 7 union territories to improving blood safety. A Common cause petition was filed during this period which submitted deficiencies like, Blood Banks operating without license, Blood from paid donors, No medical check-up of donor, Screening test for TTDs rarely conducted, Blood Banks located in unhygienic environment, Blood Banks not having storage facilities and trained personnel.
1996 - In accordance with the directive of the Supreme Court, National Blood Transfusion Council was constituted with the objectives to promote voluntary blood donation, ensure safe blood transfusion, provide infrastructure to blood centres, develop human resource. National Blood Transfusion Council (NBTC) is the policy formulating apex body in relation to all matters pertaining to operation of blood centres.
The NBTC is the central body that coordinates the State Blood Transfusion Councils (SBTCs) and also ensures involvement of other Ministries and other health programmes for various activities relate to Blood Transfusion Services (BTS). At the national level the supervision by the blood transfusion services division in NACO and National Blood Transfusion Council.
An important Supreme Court judgment of 1996 mandated creating of National Blood Transfusion Council and directed stopping of professional blood donation. The National Blood Transfusion Council (NBTC), the apex policy making body for issues pertaining to blood and plasma and for monitoring of blood transfusion services is a part of National AIDS Control Organization.
Government of India adopted the National Blood Policy in April 2002 which aims to develop a nationwide system to ensure easy access to adequate and safe blood supply. An Action Plan on Blood Safety was formulated by the Governing Body of National Blood Transfusion Council to address all the objectives of the National Blood Policy.